5 заданий на говорение с использованием Reported speech. Reported statements упражнения


Reporting verbs. Reporting a conversation. Reported statement. Видеоурок. Английский язык 7 Класс

Введение

Косвенная речь может быть представлена косвенными утверждениями, вопросами, приказами и просьбами.

Reported speech can be given in reported statements, reported questions, orders and requests.

На этом уроке вы познакомитесь с косвенными утверждениями. Reported statements.

 

Повтор правила согласования времен и изменение наречий времени

Если вы пересказываете чьи-то слова, обратите внимание на три пункта, которые, вероятнее всего, вам придется изменить:

Эти изменения происходят в соответствии с правилом согласования времен (Sequence of Tenses Rule) и логикой повествования.

  • verb tense ( backshift) (глагольная форма)
  • adverbs of time and place/demonstrative pronouns (наречия времени и места/указательные местоимения)
  • pronouns (местоимения)

David said, “I saw her yesterday.” – David said he had seen her the day before.

They said, “We are not eating now.” – They said they were eating then.

Change in tenses (backshift)

Change in adverbs of place and time and demonstrative pronouns.

 

Say/tell

Хорошо, что в английском языке много глаголов, которые помогают передавать чьи-то слова, иначе речь звучала бы скучно: Она сказала…, он сказал….(She/he/they SAID ...)

Такие глаголы сообщения помогают точнее выразить, что человек чувствует, его точку зрения или что думает говорящий o чьих-то словах.

Чтобы правильно передать чью-то речь, необходимо использовать глагол сообщения с правильным значением.

Самые распространенные глаголы сообщения – say и tell. У них одинаковое значение – говорить; однако используем мы их по-разному.

Say

Tell

we say something

She said that she was tired.

BUT we tell someone something

She told him that she was tired.

we sometimes use say to someone

She said (to him) that she was tired.

 

 

Упражнение

Вставьте said или told в предложения.

Put said /told in the sentence.

  1. She _____ me (that) she loved John.
  2. They ______ (that) they were happy.
  3. He ________ everybody (that) he had to leave.
  4. Anne _______me (that) her brother was buying a car.
  5. Alice ______ to Mike (that) he was wearing a nice suit.
  6. She ______ (that) it was raining.
  7. Lisa _____ me (that) she would call at 2p.m.

Правильные ответы:

  1. She told me (that) she loved John.
  2. They said (that) they were happy.
  3. He told everybody (that) he had to leave.
  4. Anne told me (that) her brother was buying a car.
  5. Alice said to Mike (that) he was wearing a nice suit.
  6. She said (that) it was raining.
  7. Lisa told me (that) she would call at 2 p.m.

 

Упражнение

Перепишите предложения в косвенной речи.

  1. Dave said, “I was playing tennis from 3 to 5 p.m. yesterday.”
  2. He told us, “My mother has called me today."
  3. She said, “Ken doesn’t want to do this exercise.”
  4. Mary told her father, “I’ll be late tonight.”
  5. Jim said “I gave her this book two days ago.”

Правильные ответы:

  1. Dave said he had been playing tennis from 3 to 5p.m. the day before.
  2. He told us his mother had called that day.
  3. She said Ken didn’t want to do this exercise.
  4. Mary told her father she would be late that night.
  5. Jim said that he had given her that book two days before.

 

Reporting verbs

Существуют еще глаголы сообщения, которые можно использовать вместо say и tell.

Однако с ними нужно быть внимательными при переходе из прямой речи в косвенную, так как эти глаголы влияют на структуру предложения, которое за ним следует.

Вот несколько структур.

Примечание

После некоторых глаголов можно использовать разные структуры.

Глагол сообщение + (союз that) придаточное предложение

(используем правило согласования времен)

Verb (that) clause. (This is the same as with the verb SAY)

She said, “I will marry you.”

She agreed that she would marry him.

John said, “I will see him on Sunday.”

John decided that he would meet him on Sunday.

The teacher said: “This is the rule of Sequence of tenses.”

The teacher explained that was the rule of Sequence of tenses.

David said, “I will take you to the station.”

David promised that he would take me to the station.

Следующая структура отличается! Здесь вам не понадобится правило согласования времен, так как после глагола сообщения нужно использовать ИНФИНИТИВ.

Примечание

После некоторых глаголов можно использовать разные структуры.

Глагол сообщение + инфинитив глагола из предложения прямой речи.

Verb + to infinitive

She said, “I will marry you.”

She agreed to marry him.

John said, “I will see him on Sunday.”

John decided to see him on Sunday.

David said, “I will take you to the station.”

David promised to take me to the station.

Camilla said, “Let’s go to the cinema.”

Camilla offered to go to the cinema.

He said, “I do not want to go with you.”

He refused to go with me.

Вы познакомитесь с еще несколькими структурами, изучая приказы и просьбы в косвенной речи.

 

Упражнение

Перепишите предложение в косвенной речи, заполняя пропуски глаголами из таблицы.

promise decide explain agree offer refuse

1. “I promise I'll take you to Prague,” said Mary.

Mary _________ to take me to Prague.

2. “I am not going to do it,” she said.

She _______ to do it.

3. “Would you like some tea,” she said.

 She _______ to have a cup of tea.

4. Chris said, “Yes, it was a great film.”Chris ________that the film had been great.

5. Angela said, “I will be an architect.”

Angela _____ that she would be an architect.

6. Tom said: “I am late because I missed the bus.”

Tom _______that he was late because he had missed the bus.

Правильные ответы:

1. “I promise I'll take you to Prague,” said Mary.

 Mary promised to take me to Prague. / Mary promised that she would take me to Prague.

2. “I am not going to do it,” she said.

She refused to do it.

3. “Would you like some tea,” she said.

 She offered to have a cup of tea.

4. Chris: Yes, it was a great film.Chris agreed that the film had been great.

5. Angela said, “I will be an architect.”

Angela decided (that) she would be an architect. / Angela decided to be an architect.

6. Tom said: “I am late because I missed the bus.”

Tom explained that he was late because he had missed the bus.

 

Прощание

Список литературы

  1. Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В. Английский язык 8 класс. – М.: Дрофа, 2007.
  2. Биболетова М.З., Трубанева Н.Н. Английский язык 7 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  3. Голицынский Ю. Грамматика Сборник упражнений (издание 6). – Каро, 2007.
  4. К.И. Кауфман, М.Ю. Кауфман. Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру/ Happy English.ru: 7/8 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  5. Кузовлев В.П., Лапа Н.М., Перегудова Э.Ш. и др. Английский язык, 8 класс. – М.: Просвещение, 2009.

 

  Дополнительные рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Eslbase.com (Источник).
  2. Eltbase.com (Источник).
  3. Eslbase.com (Источник).

 

Домашнее задание

Вставьте say или tell в предложения:

  1. Anthony_____ that he was hungry.
  2. Tara_____ me that you were ill.
  3. He______ everybody that he is French.
  4. The doctor _______ her: “Lie on the couch.”
  5. She ______, “That's a great idea!”

Перепишите предложение в косвенной речи, используя глаголы из таблицы как глаголы сообщения.

told refused offered promised agreed

  1. She said: “I won’t give you any money.”
  2. He said: “I will the washing up.”
  3. We said to them: “We were happy to see you.”
  4. I said: “Will you have a cup of coffee?”
  5. He said: “I’ll bring this book to you tomorrow.”

interneturok.ru

Reported speech and reported statements. Методическая разработка

Дополнительные сочинения

Чтобы пересказать чьи-то слова, нам нужно использовать косвенную речь, а в ней существуют свои правила употребления времен и некоторых важных слов. Многие из этих правил можно понять интуитивно, но некоторые все-таки необходимо запомнить. С тем, как передавать утверждения в косвенной речи, мы и познакомимся на данном уроке.

Тема: Косвенная речь. [i]Reported Speech

Урок: Reported speech and reported statements

1. Понятие о прямой и косвенной речи

Прямая речь – это точные слова, которые были кем-то произнесены. Мы берем прямую речь в кавычки.

Пример:

‘I’ll go to London’, she said.

Косвенная речь передает точное значение сказанного, но не точно такими же словами.

Пример:

She said she would go to London.

2. Вводные глаголы в прямой и косвенной речи

Для указания говорящего можно использовать глаголы say и tell как в прямой, так и в косвенной речи. Важно заметить, что после глагола tell обязательно идет прямое дополнение (e. g. told me). После глагола say можно не ставить прямое дополнение, но если мы его все-таки ставим, то после say в таком случае будет стоять частица to (e. g. said to me).

Пример:

She said, ‘I can’t drive’. → She said (that) she couldn’t drive.

She said to me, ‘I can’t drive’. → She said to me (that) she couldn’t drive.

She told me, ‘I can’t drive’. → She told me (that) she couldn’t drive.

Следующие выражения используются с глаголом say:

1. say good morning / evening, etc.

2. say something / nothing

3. say a few words

4. say so, etc.

Следующие выражения используются с глаголом tell:

1. tell the truth

2. tell a lie

3. tell somebody one’s name

4. tell a story

5. tell a secret

6. tell somebody the way

7. tell one from another, etc.

3. Правила построения косвенной речи

Чтобы построить предложение в косвенной речи, нам нужен вводный глагол (say, tell, explain, etc.), за которым последует оборот с that, хотя в разговорной речи само слово that часто опускается.

Пример:

He said, ‘I feel sick’. → He said (that) he felt sick.

Притяжательные местоимения изменяются согласно контексту.

Пример:

He said, ‘I’ll lend youmy laptop’. → He said (that) he would lend mehis laptop.

Рассмотрите таблицу изменений для обстоятельств времени и некоторых слов:

Direct speech

Reported speech

tonight, today, this week / month / year

that night, that day, that week / month / year

now

then, at that time, at once, immediately

now that

since

yesterday, last night / week / month / year

the day before, the previous night / week / month / year

tomorrow, next week / month / year

the following day / the day after, the following / next week / month / year

ago

       

before

this / these

that / those

here

there

come

go

Таблица 1. Обстоятельства времени в косвенной речи

Когда вводный глагол стоит в прошедшем времени, времена основного предложения меняются согласно правилу.

Рассмотрите таблицу изменения времен:

Direct speech

Reported speech

Present Simple

Past Simple

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Present Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

Past Simple

Past Perfect

Past Continuous

Past Continuous or Past Perfect Continuous

Future (will)

Future-in-the Past (would)

Past Perfect

remains the same

Таблица 2. Времена в косвенной речи

Мы не производим никаких изменений над временами, когда:

1. основное предложение выражает всегда правдивую истину, закон природы;

2. основное предложение относится ко 2 или 3 типу условных предложений;

3. основное предложение выражает сожаление или пожелание (wish).

Пример:

‘The Earth is a planet’, he said. → He said (that) the Earth is a planet.

‘If you studied more, you’d pass your test’, he said. → He said (that) if you studied more, you’d pass your test.

‘I wish I were famous’, he said. → He said (that) I wish I were famous.

Если вводный глагол стоит в одном из времен группы Present или Future, в основном предложении не происходит никаких изменений во временах.

Пример:

‘Nina can read’, she says. → She says that Nina can read.

Когда мы говорим о неком факте, который все еще актуален или правдив на настоящий момент, мы можем менять, а можем и не менять грамматические времена основного предложения при переводе его в косвенную речь.

Грамматические времена меняются, когда мы говорим о чем-то, что уже не актуально или неверно на момент речи.

Пример:

‘I’m travelling to England next week’, he said.→He said (that) he is travelling / was travelling to England next week.

(up-to-date reporting – immediately reported after being said)

‘I’m travelling to England in Jan

dp-adilet.kz

Reporting verbs. Reporting a conversation. Reported statement

Введение

Косвенная речь может быть представлена косвенными утверждениями, вопросами, приказами и просьбами.

Reported speech can be given in reported statements, reported questions, orders and requests.

На этом уроке вы познакомитесь с косвенными утверждениями. Reported statements.

 

Повтор правила согласования времен и изменение наречий времени

Если вы пересказываете чьи-то слова, обратите внимание на три пункта, которые, вероятнее всего, вам придется изменить:

Эти изменения происходят в соответствии с правилом согласования времен (Sequence of Tenses Rule) и логикой повествования.

  • verb tense ( backshift) (глагольная форма)
  • adverbs of time and place/demonstrative pronouns (наречия времени и места/указательные местоимения)
  • pronouns (местоимения)

David said, “I saw her yesterday.” – David said he had seen her the day before.

They said, “We are not eating now.” – They said they were eating then.

Change in tenses (backshift)

Change in adverbs of place and time and demonstrative pronouns.

 

Say/tell

Хорошо, что в английском языке много глаголов, которые помогают передавать чьи-то слова, иначе речь звучала бы скучно: Она сказала…, он сказал….(She/he/they SAID ...)

Такие глаголы сообщения помогают точнее выразить, что человек чувствует, его точку зрения или что думает говорящий o чьих-то словах.

Чтобы правильно передать чью-то речь, необходимо использовать глагол сообщения с правильным значением.

Самые распространенные глаголы сообщения – say и tell. У них одинаковое значение – говорить; однако используем мы их по-разному.

Say

Tell

we say something

She said that she was tired.

BUT we tell someone something

She told him that she was tired.

we sometimes use say to someone

She said (to him) that she was tired.

 

 

Упражнение

Вставьте said или told в предложения.

Put said /told in the sentence.

  1. She _____ me (that) she loved John.
  2. They ______ (that) they were happy.
  3. He ________ everybody (that) he had to leave.
  4. Anne _______me (that) her brother was buying a car.
  5. Alice ______ to Mike (that) he was wearing a nice suit.
  6. She ______ (that) it was raining.
  7. Lisa _____ me (that) she would call at 2p.m.

Правильные ответы:

  1. She told me (that) she loved John.
  2. They said (that) they were happy.
  3. He told everybody (that) he had to leave.
  4. Anne told me (that) her brother was buying a car.
  5. Alice said to Mike (that) he was wearing a nice suit.
  6. She said (that) it was raining.
  7. Lisa told me (that) she would call at 2 p.m.

 

Упражнение

Перепишите предложения в косвенной речи.

  1. Dave said, “I was playing tennis from 3 to 5 p.m. yesterday.”
  2. He told us, “My mother has called me today."
  3. She said, “Ken doesn’t want to do this exercise.”
  4. Mary told her father, “I’ll be late tonight.”
  5. Jim said “I gave her this book two days ago.”

Правильные ответы:

  1. Dave said he had been playing tennis from 3 to 5p.m. the day before.
  2. He told us his mother had called that day.
  3. She said Ken didn’t want to do this exercise.
  4. Mary told her father she would be late that night.
  5. Jim said that he had given her that book two days before.

 

Reporting verbs

Существуют еще глаголы сообщения, которые можно использовать вместо say и tell.

Однако с ними нужно быть внимательными при переходе из прямой речи в косвенную, так как эти глаголы влияют на структуру предложения, которое за ним следует.

Вот несколько структур.

Примечание

После некоторых глаголов можно использовать разные структуры.

Глагол сообщение + (союз that) придаточное предложение

(используем правило согласования времен)

Verb (that) clause. (This is the same as with the verb SAY)

She said, “I will marry you.”

She agreed that she would marry him.

John said, “I will see him on Sunday.”

John decided that he would meet him on Sunday.

The teacher said: “This is the rule of Sequence of tenses.”

The teacher explained that was the rule of Sequence of tenses.

David said, “I will take you to the station.”

David promised that he would take me to the station.

Следующая структура отличается! Здесь вам не понадобится правило согласования времен, так как после глагола сообщения нужно использовать ИНФИНИТИВ.

Примечание

После некоторых глаголов можно использовать разные структуры.

Глагол сообщение + инфинитив глагола из предложения прямой речи.

Verb + to infinitive

She said, “I will marry you.”

She agreed to marry him.

John said, “I will see him on Sunday.”

John decided to see him on Sunday.

David said, “I will take you to the station.”

David promised to take me to the station.

Camilla said, “Let’s go to the cinema.”

Camilla offered to go to the cinema.

He said, “I do not want to go with you.”

He refused to go with me.

Вы познакомитесь с еще несколькими структурами, изучая приказы и просьбы в косвенной речи.

 

Упражнение

Перепишите предложение в косвенной речи, заполняя пропуски глаголами из таблицы.

promise decide explain agree offer refuse

1. “I promise I'll take you to Prague,” said Mary.

Mary _________ to take me to Prague.

2. “I am not going to do it,” she said.

She _______ to do it.

3. “Would you like some tea,” she said.

 She _______ to have a cup of tea.

4. Chris said, “Yes, it was a great film.”Chris ________that the film had been great.

5. Angela said, “I will be an architect.”

Angela _____ that she would be an architect.

6. Tom said: “I am late because I missed the bus.”

Tom _______that he was late because he had missed the bus.

Правильные ответы:

1. “I promise I'll take you to Prague,” said Mary.

 Mary promised to take me to Prague. / Mary promised that she would take me to Prague.

2. “I am not going to do it,” she said.

She refused to do it.

3. “Would you like some tea,” she said.

 She offered to have a cup of tea.

4. Chris: Yes, it was a great film.Chris agreed that the film had been great.

5. Angela said, “I will be an architect.”

Angela decided (that) she would be an architect. / Angela decided to be an architect.

6. Tom said: “I am late because I missed the bus.”

Tom explained that he was late because he had missed the bus.

 

Прощание

Список литературы

  1. Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В. Английский язык 8 класс. – М.: Дрофа, 2007.
  2. Биболетова М.З., Трубанева Н.Н. Английский язык 7 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  3. Голицынский Ю. Грамматика Сборник упражнений (издание 6). – Каро, 2007.
  4. К.И. Кауфман, М.Ю. Кауфман. Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру/ Happy English.ru: 7/8 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  5. Кузовлев В.П., Лапа Н.М., Перегудова Э.Ш. и др. Английский язык, 8 класс. – М.: Просвещение, 2009.

 

  Дополнительные рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Eslbase.com (Источник).
  2. Eltbase.com (Источник).
  3. Eslbase.com (Источник).

 

Домашнее задание

Вставьте say или tell в предложения:

  1. Anthony_____ that he was hungry.
  2. Tara_____ me that you were ill.
  3. He______ everybody that he is French.
  4. The doctor _______ her: “Lie on the couch.”
  5. She ______, “That's a great idea!”

Перепишите предложение в косвенной речи, используя глаголы из таблицы как глаголы сообщения.

told refused offered promised agreed

  1. She said: “I won’t give you any money.”
  2. He said: “I will the washing up.”
  3. We said to them: “We were happy to see you.”
  4. I said: “Will you have a cup of coffee?”
  5. He said: “I’ll bring this book to you tomorrow.”

mirror.vsibiri.info

Reported speech and reported statements. Видеоурок. Английский язык 10 Класс

Чтобы пересказать чьи-то слова, нам нужно использовать косвенную речь, а в ней существуют свои правила употребления времен и некоторых важных слов. Многие из этих правил можно понять интуитивно, но некоторые все-таки необходимо запомнить. С тем, как передавать утверждения в косвенной речи, мы и познакомимся на данном уроке.

Тема: Косвенная речь. [i]Reported Speech

Урок: Reported speech and reported statements

Прямая речь – это точные слова, которые были кем-то произнесены. Мы берем прямую речь в кавычки.

Пример:

‘I’ll go to London’, she said.

Косвенная речь передает точное значение сказанного, но не точно такими же словами.

Пример:

She said she would go to London.

Для указания говорящего можно использовать глаголы say и tell как в прямой, так и в косвенной речи. Важно заметить, что после глагола tell обязательно идет прямое дополнение (e.g. told me). После глагола say можно не ставить прямое дополнение, но если мы его все-таки ставим, то после say в таком случае будет стоять частица to (e.g. said to me).

Пример:

She said, ‘I can’t drive’. → She said (that) she couldn’t drive.

She said to me, ‘I can’t drive’. → She said to me (that) she couldn’t drive.

She told me, ‘I can’t drive’. → She told me (that) she couldn’t drive.

Следующие выражения используются с глаголом say:

1. say good morning / evening, etc.

2. say something / nothing

3. say a few words

4. say so, etc.

Следующие выражения используются с глаголом tell:

1. tell the truth

2. tell a lie

3. tell somebody one’s name

4. tell a story

5. tell a secret

6. tell somebody the way

7. tell one from another, etc.

Чтобы построить предложение в косвенной речи, нам нужен вводный глагол (say, tell, explain, etc.), за которым последует оборот с that, хотя в разговорной речи само слово that часто опускается.

Пример:

He said, ‘I feel sick’. → He said (that) he felt sick.

Притяжательные местоимения изменяются согласно контексту.

Пример:

He said, ‘I’ll lend youmy laptop’. → He said (that) he would lend mehis laptop.

Рассмотрите таблицу изменений для обстоятельств времени и некоторых слов:

Direct speech

Reported speech

tonight, today, this week / month / year

that night, that day, that week / month / year

now

then, at that time, at once, immediately

now that

since

yesterday, last night / week / month / year

the day before, the previous night / week / month / year

tomorrow, next week / month / year

the following day / the day after, the following / next week / month / year

ago

before

this / these

that / those

here

there

come

go

Таблица 1. Обстоятельства времени в косвенной речи

Когда вводный глагол стоит в прошедшем времени, времена основного предложения меняются согласно правилу.

Рассмотрите таблицу изменения времен:

Direct speech

Reported speech

Present Simple

Past Simple

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Present Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

Past Simple

Past Perfect

Past Continuous

Past Continuous or Past Perfect Continuous

Future (will)

Future-in-the Past (would)

Past Perfect

remains the same

Таблица 2. Времена в косвенной речи

Мы не производим никаких изменений над временами, когда:

1. основное предложение выражает всегда правдивую истину, закон природы;

2. основное предложение относится ко 2 или 3 типу условных предложений;

3. основное предложение выражает сожаление или пожелание (wish).

Пример:

‘The Earth is a planet’, he said. → He said (that) the Earth is a planet.

‘If you studied more, you’d pass your test’, he said. → He said (that) if you studied more, you’d pass your test.

‘I wish I were famous’, he said. → He said (that) I wish I were famous.

Если вводный глагол стоит в одном из времен группы Present или Future, в основном предложении не происходит никаких изменений во временах.

Пример:

‘Nina can read’, she says. → She says that Nina can read.

Когда мы говорим о неком факте, который все еще актуален или правдив на настоящий момент, мы можем менять, а можем и не менять грамматические времена основного предложения при переводе его в косвенную речь.

Грамматические времена меняются, когда мы говорим о чем-то, что уже не актуально или неверно на момент речи.

Пример:

‘I’m travelling to England next week’, he said.→He said (that) he is travelling / was travelling to England next week.

(up-to-date reporting – immediately reported after being said)

‘I’m travelling to England in January’, he said. (Now it’s February) →He said he was travelling to England in January. (The trip is over since it’s February. Out-of-date reporting)

‘The Earth is flat’, he said. → He said the Earth was flat. (It’s not true.)

Практические задания

Rephrase the following sentences as in the example:

1. We spoke quietly because we didn’t want to wake the baby.

e.g. We spoke quietly so as not to wake the baby.

2. Although he was ill, he still went to work.

3. What a lovely house!

4. How happy you look!

5. This is the university I went to.

6. You run so fast!

7. She has such lovely eyes!

8. What a beautiful dress!

9. Despite being tired, she still watched the late film!

10. I didn’t tell you because I thought you’d be upset.

 

Список рекомендованной литературы

  1. Афанасьева О.В., Дули Д., Михеева И.В. Английский язык (базовый уровень). – Просвещение, 2012.
  2. Биболетова М.З., Бабушис Е.Е., Снежко Н.Д. Английский язык (базовый уровень). – Титул, 2009.
  3. Кауфман К.И., Кауфман М.Ю. Английский язык (базовый уровень). – Титул, 2010.
  4. Голицынский Ю.Б., Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. – Каро, 2011.

 

Рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Ego4u.com (Источник).
  2. Engmaster.ru (Источник).
  3. English on-line (Источник).

 

Рекомендованное домашнее задание

  1. упр. 311, 313. Голицынский Ю.Б., Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. – Каро, 2011.
  2. Change the following into indirect speech:

1. "I have something to tell you," I said to her.

2. "I met her for the first time on a warm sunny morning last spring," he said.

3. "I am going to call again tomorrow, mother," she said.

4. "I've been to Turkey twice, but so far I haven't had time to visit Istanbul," said Robert.

5. "It will be very difficult to persuade her to take care of herself, doctor," I replied.

6. "The president is to come to Madrid the day after tomorrow," said the BBC announcer.

7. "We have a lift but very often it doesn't work," they said.

8. "We have bought a new flat. But we don't like it so much as our last one," said my cousin.

9. "I have left a message for him, but he hasn't phoned yet," she said.

10. "I've no idea who has done it but I'll find out," said Peggy.

11. He said, "My mother has just been operated on."

12. 'I'll come with you as soon as Fin is ready," she replied to me.

13. I have a French lesson this evening and I haven't done my homework yet," said the little boy.

14. "She has been sitting in the garden since the police came," I said to the officer.

15. "You haven’t closed the window and has forgotten to turn off the light," he pointed out.

  1.  упр. 317 Голицынский Ю.Б., Грамматика. Сборник упражнений, Каро, 2011

interneturok.ru

Упражнения по теме "REPORTED SPEECH"

REPORTED SPEECH

When statements, questions, commands, requests, and other utterances are reported later with a reporting verb in the past, the original tenses move one step back in time. This basic rule can be summarised as follows:

Present Tence - Past Tense

Present Perfect Tense - Past Perfect Tense

Past Tense - Past Perfect Tense

Future Tense - conditional

Future Perfect Tense - conditional perfect

The Past Perfect Tense cannot move back in time so it stays the same. Conditionals and subjunctives also remain unchanged.

Conditionals and subjunctives which do not relate to time do not change.

eg "If I had enough money I'd buy it." - He said that if he had enough money, he'd buy it.

"I wish I could remember his name." - She said she wished she could remember his name.

"I'd rather he was coming too." - She said she'd rather he was coming too.

Orders and instructions change either to:

a. An infinitive construction introduced by told, ordered, etc:eg "Sit down" - He told me to sit down.

"Don't say a word" - He told me not to say a word.

b. A construction with was/were (not) to:eg "Wait in this room until you are called."

They said I was to wait in the room until I was called.

Auxiliary Verbs

a. The following auxiliary verbs always change:can/cannot - could/couldn't

may -might

will/shall - would/should

b. The following auxiliary verbs do not change when they are used with the meaning given below.

might He said he might come later.

could/could not She said the key could be lost,

(to express possibility or impossibility)

should/ought to I told him he should be more careful.

(to express advisability or

expectation)

REPORTED SPEECH

must He said I must be joking,

(to express a conclusion)

must (not)/need not She told me I needn't stay late,

(to express obligation or lack of obligation)

c. Did not need to changes to had not needed to but needn 't have doesn't change.

Exercise 1. Change the following sentences into reported speech. Use link words where possible.

a. "You might catch the 6 o'clock train, if you hurry." (They told me...)

b. "I couldn't have a small dog as a pet. My flat's too small." (I explained...)

c. "You must be exhausted! You haven't had a break all day." (She exclaimed...)

d. 'You ought to ask for a pay rise. You've brought the company a lot of business.' (He told me...)

e. "As I was only going for the day, 1 didn't need to pack a suitcase." (She said...)

f. "You needn't have waited up for me. I'm quite capable of letting myself in." (He told us...)

g. "I'd rather you didn't tell anyone what I've just told you." (He said...)

h. "I may be able to give you a lift but I won't know until the morning." (She explained...)

i. "I couldn't find my door key. That's why I broke a window." (He told the policeman...)

j. "She should be delighted when she hears the news." (They told us...)

Requests and Suggestions

a. Reporting verbs like ask, beg, warn, etc. take a personal object + full infinitive:

eg He asked us to wait for him. begged

b. When ask is used to report a request for permission it is followed by if + subject + could/might:

eg We asked if we could record the speech.

c. Suggest takes either a gerund or a that-clause (normally with should):

More usually, it takes either a pronoun+full infinitive or a (that clause:

eg He recommended us to visit the City Museum.

that we should visit the City Museum.

Reported Questions

  1. Questions with yes/no answers are reported with /for whether:

eg "Will you be late home?" - She asked if I would be late home.

whether

  1. Questions with question words (How, When, Who, etc.) reported with the same question word:

eg "How long are you staying?" - They asked how long I was staying.

  1. The auxiliary do is not used in reported questions and normal word order is followed.

eg "What does the word 'supersede' mean?" –I asked what the word 'supersede' meant.

"What is the time?" –I asked what the time was.

Exercise 2. Use one of the introductory verbs to report each of the following sentences. Each of the verbs should be used only once. Use link words where appropriate.

warn ask encourage urge

recommend suggest advise beg

invite forbid

a. "Please sit down and make yourself at home", our hostess said.

b. "Don't touch the Record button", my friend said. "You could erase the tape."

c. "You really must take the matter up with your solicitor. It could be very serious," my brother said.

d. "I should pay a visit to the Citizen's Advice Bureau. They'll be able to tell you what your rights are," she said.

e. "If you're eating at Marios, try the squid. It's delicious?", they told us.

f. "No one is to use a dictionary during the test", the teacher said.

g. "Please don't forget to let me know when you've arrived safely,"my aunt said. "I'll be worried to death unless you do".

h. "May we come in?" said the two visitors.

i. "You could try the corner shop. They sometimes stay open late on Saturday," the man said.

j. "Goon, enter for the exam," he said. "You've nothing to lose and it'll be good experience for you."

infourok.ru

Reported speech | Skyteach

В рубрике «Упражнения» мы предлагаем вам короткие задания-ситуации для закрепления грамматических структур в говорении. Сегодня разберем Passive Voice.Устную практику Reported speech легко организовать, если вы работаете оффлайн с небольшой группой. Например, замечательная игра Deaf man.Mary: I haven’t been to ParisPeter: Ann, what did Mary say?Ann: Mary said that she hadn’t been to Paris.Но что же делать если вы один на один со студентом? Составлять предложения без коммуникативной задачи или переписывать предложения от другого лица скучно. Задания в этой статье подскажут вам, как разнообразить грамматическую практику.

Contradictions: Reported statements

Уровни – pre-intermediate – upper-intermediate

mysuperlamepic_270385dcbdb368d7593d8267390aec4cЦель – отработать грамматическую структуру в реальной жизненной ситуации.Задание для студента:Listen to my statements and contradict me.Example, T: I’m marriedS: But you told me you were single! List of statements (can be graded according to a language level)He can’t speak English.I’ll be back at 10.30.I can’t come to your party.There’s no milk left.I’m 25 years old.That’ll be € 100, please.My brother’s a barman.I’ve decided to marry Yvonne.

Interviews: Reported questions and statements

Уровни – high-intermediate – advanced

ariadna-oltra-883879_1920Цель – посмотреть интервью со знаменитостью и кратко передать вопросы и ответы собеседнику.Преподаватель подбирает в youtube ролик знаменитости, которая нравится студенту.Задание для студента:Watch an interview with Emilia Clarke and report three the most interesting questions and what she answered.Example,The interviewer asked Tom where he spent his last holiday and the actor answered that he had skied in the Alps.

Quotes: Reported statements

Уровни – pre-intermediate – upper-intermediate

quotefancy-365044-3840x2160Цель – отработать утверждения в непрямой речи с помощью высказываний известных людей.Преподаватель подбирает цитаты известных людей. Желательно, чтобы они содержали разные времена, модальные глаголы.Задание для студента:Look at the quotes and report them.Example, Oscar Wilde said that memory was the diary that we all carried about with us.

Simple remedies: Reported commands

Уровни – pre-intermediate – upper-intermediate

apple-841169_1920What advice have you heard for the following problems? Make the sentences about what to do and not to do as somebody told you.Example, My mother told (offered,persuaded,asked,reminded) me to hold a burn under water. The website instructed not to.Опорные слова: insomnia, snoring, headaches, blisters, a cold.Физические проблемы можно заменить на социальные, проблемы в отношениях в зависимости от изучаемой темы.4

News reports: Reporting verbs

Уровни – upper-intermediate – advanced

magazines-614897_1280Цель – практиковать reporting verbs в новостных заголовках.Задание для студента: You are a journalist. Make some catchy headlines about famous politicians or celebrities using the verbs.Verbs: accuse of, deny, claim, insist on, promise, agree, admit, encourage, confess to, threatenExample: The soap star denied that she was having an affair.

 

Юлия Белоног

skyteach.ru

8 класс. Английский язык. Косвенная речь. Reported Speech - Reported speech and reported statements

Комментарии преподавателя

 

Вве­де­ние по­ня­тий пря­мой речи и кос­вен­ной

Кэт го­во­рит сво­е­му другу Бену:

“I will have a birthday party tomorrow.” Это при­мер пря­мой речи. Это имен­но то, что го­во­рит че­ло­век. Пря­мая речь за­клю­ча­ет­ся в ка­выч­ки.

При­ме­ча­ние

Об­ра­ти­те вни­ма­ние на от­ли­чие ка­вы­чек в рус­ском языке «А» от ка­вы­чек в ан­глий­ском “A” или бри­тан­ский ва­ри­ант ‘А’.

Позже Бен рас­ска­зы­ва­ет о дне рож­де­нии Кэт сво­е­му другу Майку.

“Kate said she would have a birthday party the next day.” – Это при­мер кос­вен­ной речи. Бен пе­ре­ска­зы­ва­ет слова Кэт.

 

Пра­ви­ло со­гла­со­ва­ния вре­мен

Срав­ни­те эти два пред­ло­же­ния:

Каtе said: “I will have a birthday party tomorrow!” – Kate said she would have a birthday party the next day.

В пред­ло­же­нии про­изо­шли опре­де­лен­ные из­ме­не­ния при пе­ре­во­де из пря­мой речи в кос­вен­ную. А имен­но:

Pronouns (ме­сто­име­ния) – I из­ме­ни­лось на she.

Time expressions (на­ре­чия вре­ме­ни) – tomorrow из­ме­ни­лось на the next day.

Verb tense (время гла­го­ла) – have стало would have.

Эти из­ме­не­ния про­изо­шли в со­от­вет­ствии с пра­ви­лом со­гла­со­ва­ния вре­мен (Sequence of Tenses Rule).

Про­чи­тай­те еще несколь­ко при­ме­ров, ко­то­рые по­мо­гут вам по­нять это пра­ви­ло, об­ра­щая вни­ма­ние на из­ме­не­ния в пред­ло­же­ни­ях.

Max said, “I am ready.”– Max said (that) he was ready.

Mary said, “We went to school yesterday”. – Mary said (that) they had gone to school the previous day.

“You are wearing a nice suit,” said the girl. – The girl said (that) he was wearing a nice suit.

Jenny said, “I have broken his cup”. – Jenny said (that) she had broken his cup.

При пе­ре­во­де пред­ло­же­ния из пря­мой речи в кос­вен­ную, когда вы пе­ре­ска­зы­ва­е­те ко­му-то чьи-то слова и дей­ствие, о ко­то­ром вы го­во­ри­те, про­изо­шло ка­кое-то время назад, НЕОБ­ХО­ДИ­МО ПО­МЕ­НЯТЬ гла­голь­ную форму на шаг НАЗАД (в про­шлое). Пра­ви­ло – backshift

• Present Simple to Past Simple. "I come here every week." – She said (that) she came here every week.

• Present Continuous to Past Continuous. 

"I'm reading a book." – He said (that) he was reading a book.

• Past Simple to Past Perfect

"I bought some new chairs." – She said (that) she had bought some new chairs.

• Present Perfect to Past Perfect "I've seen that film twice." – She said (that) he had seen that film twice.

• Will becomes would."I'll come early." – He said (that) he would come early.

• Can becomes could."I can run fast." – She said (that) she could run fast.

При­ме­ча­ние

Союз THAT не обя­за­тель­но ис­поль­зо­вать в пред­ло­же­нии, вы мо­же­те его опу­стить.

 

Из­ме­не­ние ме­сто­име­ний

При пе­ре­во­де пред­ло­же­ния из пря­мой речи в кос­вен­ную, необ­хо­ди­мо пом­нить и том, что МЕ­СТО­ИМЕ­НИЯ долж­ны ис­поль­зо­вать­ся ло­гич­но и, воз­мож­но, их тоже надо по­ме­нять.

He said, “I am busy.” – He said that he was busy. She said, “I am unwell.” – She said that she was unwell.

They said, “We will go to the cinema.” – They said they would go to the cinema.

She said, “My house is big.” – She said that her house was big.

 

Упраж­не­ние

Пе­ре­пи­ши­те пред­ло­же­ния в кос­вен­ной речи.

  1. Tom said, “I want to visit my friends.”
  2. Jerry said, “I'm studying English a lot.”
  3. They said, “We have lived in England for a long time.”
  4. He said, “I want to go there.”
  5. Susan said, “I can come to the party.”
  6. They said, “We will do it.”
  7. Marry said, “I like ice cream.”

Пра­виль­ные от­ве­ты:

  1. Tom said (that) he wanted to visit his friends.
  2. Jerry said (that) he was studying English a lot.
  3. They said (that) they had lived in England for a long time.
  4. He said (that) he wanted to go there.
  5. Susan said (that) she could come to the party.
  6. They said (that) they would do it.
  7. Marry said (that) she liked ice cream.

 

Из­ме­не­ние на­ре­чий вре­ме­ни и ука­за­тель­ных ме­сто­име­ний

При пе­ре­во­де из пря­мой речи в кос­вен­ную об­ра­щай­те вни­ма­ние на на­ре­чия вре­ме­ни и ука­за­тель­ные ме­сто­име­ния this/these:

Каte said: “I will have a birthday party tomorrow!” – Kate said she would have a birthday party the next day.

Из­ме­не­ния про­ис­хо­дят так:

today– (on) thatday

She said, “I have been late for classes today.” – She said (that) she had been late for classes that day.

this morning/afternoon/tonight – that morning/afternoon/that night

He said, “I want to leave for London tonight.”

He said (that) he wanted to leave for Delhi that night.

Now – then

Peter said, “I am very busy now.” – Peter said (that) he was very busy then.

Tomorrow – the following day/the next day

She said, “I will leave for New York tomorrow.”– She said (that) she would leave for New York the next day.

next week/month – the following week/ month

He said, “I will be on holidays next week.” – He said he would be on holidays the following week.

In a few days – a few days later

They said: “We will see her in a few days.” – They said (that) they would see her a few days later.

Yesterday – the day before

He said, “I visited them yesterday.” He said (that) he had visited them the day before.

last week/month/year – the week/ month/year before

He said: "I visited New York last year." – He said (that) he had visited New York the year before.

5 minutes/three days/a week ago –5 minutes/ three days / a week before

She said, "John called 10 minutes ago."

She said (that) John had called 10 minutes before.

Here – there

He said, “I am glad to be here this evening.” – He said (that) he was glad to be there that evening.

This – that

She said, “I liked this bag.” – She said that she liked that bag.

These – those

She said, “These flowers are beautiful.” – She said (that) those flowers were beautiful.

При­ме­ча­ние

Если что-то ска­за­но и эти слова пе­ре­ска­зы­ва­ют СРАЗУ, на­ре­чия вре­ме­ни можно не ме­нять.

(He has said it today) "I will go on holiday tomorrow," he said.

(I report about it today) He said he would go on holiday tomorrow.

(She said it this week) "We painted the hall last weekend," she said.

(I report it this week.) She said they had painted the hall last weekend.

 

Упраж­не­ние

Ис­правь­те ошиб­ки в пред­ло­же­ни­ях с кос­вен­ной речью.

  1. She said, “I have forgotten your name.” – She said that she has forgotten my name.
  2. Jane said, “I will wait here.” – Jane said that she would wait here.
  3. He said, “I can swim.” – He said that he can swam.
  4. He said, “We were playing football yesterday.” – He said they were playing football a day ago.
  5. Kate said, “I will buy a book tomorrow.”– He said that he would buy a book the day before.
  6. Sam said, “She arrived last week.” – Sam said she had arrived a week ago.
  7. He said, “I like this book.” – He said that he liked this book.
  8. The teacher said, “We are doing exercises now.” – The teacher said that they were doing the next day.

Пра­виль­ные от­ве­ты:

  1. She said that she had forgotten my name.
  2. Jane said that she would wait there.
  3. He said that he could swim.
  4. He said they were playing football the day before.
  5. Kate said that he would buy a book the next day.
  6. Sam said she had arrived the week before.
  7. He said that he liked that book.
  8. The teacher said that they were doing exercises then.

При­ме­ча­ние

No backshift

Форму гла­го­ла можно не из­ме­нять в сле­ду­ю­щих слу­ча­ях:

1. Если гла­гол в глав­ном пред­ло­же­нии в на­сто­я­щем вре­ме­ни. If the reporting verb is in the present tense.

Bill says, "I am enjoying my holiday." – Bill says he is enjoying his holiday.

Sandy says, "I will never meet him again." – Sandy says she will never meet him again.

2. Если мы пе­ре­ска­зы­ва­ем со­бы­тие, ко­то­рое до сих пор про­ис­хо­дит. When we report something that is still true.

Steve says, "Asia is the largest continent." – Dan said Asia is the largest continent.

Anna says, "Moscow is the capital of Russia." – Emma said Moscow is the capital of Russia.

Pedro said, “I am from Brazil and I have three children.” – Pedro said he is from Brazil and he has three children.

3. Если пред­ло­же­ние вы­ска­за­но и пе­ре­ска­за­но в одно и то же время и со­бы­тие, ко­то­рое пе­ре­ска­зы­ва­ют, все еще ак­ту­аль­но. When a sentence is made and reported at the same time and the fact is still true.

Tina said: "I am hungry." –Tina said she is hungry.

 

ИСТОЧНИКИ

http://interneturok.ru/ru/school/english/7-8-klassy/kosvennaya-rech/reported-speech-sequence-of-tenses?seconds=0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=REJvi0JEseM

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GQnDDZVIeY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjksiOEmUrw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnXZBRYgm7Y

www.kursoteka.ru


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